Project Supported by Higher Education Institutions, 2015 - 2017
This study was carried out to examine the relationships between
teachers’ opinions on the political behaviors used by school principals
and their perceptions of their coworkers’ social loafing practices.
Research Methods: A correlational survey model was used in the study.
The population of the study consists of 1948 primary school teachers.
The sample of the study consists of 652 primary school teachers.
Findings: Teachers’ opinions on school principles’ use of idealized
effect, praise and legitimization behaviors is reported to be at the
level of “I agree”, but for exchange and pressure behaviors their
opinions were at the level of “I neither agree nor disagree”.
It is found that teachers’ perceptions coworker social loafing are low.
Legitimization and pressure behaviors respectively are statistically
significant predictors of teachers’ perceptions of their coworkers’
social loafing. Implications for Research and Practice: Political
behaviors used by school principals can be examined through qualitative
or mixed methods to obtain detailed information. In order to reduce the
social loafing in a given educational organization to minimum, studies
can be conducted to determine which precautions should be taken and how
motivation levels of teachers can be increased in collaborative work In
order to decrease negative results arising from social loafing in
educational organizations, it can be suggested that school principals
should use legitimization behavior more and pressure behavior less.