Anadolu Üniversitesi, Eskişehir, 2019
One of the most essential part of business is human resources in today’s economy because there is a growing transformation towards
service-based industries. Organizations may have a lot of buildings, expensive instruments and some huge bank accounts, but organizational goals cannot be achieved without qualified human resources. It is the people who have the capacity to make a
difference and create value by bringing their intelligence, commitment, knowledge and skills to the workplace. Depending on this,
human knowledge and skills must be seen as a strategic resource and an integral part of business success by management.
Human resource (HR) refers to the workforce within an organization responsible to perform certain duties assigned by the management for achieving organizational goals. It would be difficult to imagine any company achieving and maintaining effectiveness without efficient human resource management (HRM) programs and activities HRM is a part of a larger field of management.
Many environmental factors and developments in business like global competition, workforce diversity, downsizing, reengineering, and
outsourcing influence human resource management functions in all industries. Therefore, it is very important to become proactive and to have a long-term vision for overcoming these changes. It is necessary to create and keep new, modern and quality human resources that may effectively support the goals of business in conditions of economic uncertainty, rapid technological change and