(NHC)-Pd(II) complexes with hydrophilic Nitrogen ligands; catalytic properties in neat water

TÜRKMEN H., Gok L., KANİ İ., Cetinkaya B.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.37, no.4, pp.633-642, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/kim-1302-75
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.633-642
  • Keywords: Palladium, diethanolamine, N-heterocyclic carbene, water soluble complexes, cross-coupling, N-HETEROCYCLIC CARBENES, CROSS-COUPLING REACTIONS, SUZUKI-MIYAURA COUPLINGS, PALLADIUM(II) COMPLEXES, ELECTRONIC-PROPERTIES, MIZOROKI-HECK, NHC
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


The cleavage reactions of the dimers [(NHC)PdX2](2) with hydrophilic N-donors, L, a ff orded the mixedligand complexes of the type trans-[(NHC)LPdX2] (X = Cl or Br; NHC = 1,3-dialkylbenzimidazol-2-ylidene (BIm) or bis(imino) acenaphthene-annulated bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl) imidazol-2-ylidene (BIAN-IPr); L = diethanolamine (DEA), morpholine (MOR), and 3-pyridinecarboxylic acid (3-PCA)). The new complexes (1-3) were characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic methods and the molecular structure of 1a was determined by X-ray di ff raction studies. These complexes were applied in the Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction of phenylboronic acid with aryl halides in neat water. The activities of catalysts were monitored by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector and nuclear magnetic resonance. Whereas the complexes with DEA or 3-PCA ligands did not show signi fi cant di ff erence in the activity, the BIAN-IPr complexes 1b and 3b bearing DEA and 3-PCA, displayed the highest catalytic activity at 100 degrees C.