Application of Homogeneously Precipitated Nanosized Fe-Doped Alumina Powders to Carbon Nanotube Growth

ÇELİK Y., SUVACI E., Flahaut E., Weibel A., Peigney A.

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, vol.93, no.11, pp.3732-3739, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Homogeneous precipitation of hydroxides was investigated as an alternative method to synthesize Fe-doped aluminum oxide (alpha-Al2-2xFe2xO3) particles over which carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were grown via a catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) method. Performance of the homogeneously precipitated particles for CNT growth was quantitatively compared with that of the combustion-synthesized particles. The main advantage of the homogeneous precipitation of hydroxides and subsequent calcination process against to the combustion synthesis and other commonly practiced chemical routes is the ability to tailor the Fe-doped Al2O3 precursor powder characteristics such as size and specific surface area (SSA) without requiring any milling step and also to control the phase composition of the oxide powder with high Fe content, and subsequently the quality and quantity of CNTs during CCVD process. The particle size of the precipitated and calcined alpha-Al2-2xFe2xO3 powders varies between similar to 50 and 400 nm for 5-10 cat.% Fe-containing systems. The monodispersed particle size distribution and optimum phase composition of the homogeneously precipitated powders, particularly for a 10 cat.% Fe content in the starting oxide, and their much higher SSA than similar materials prepared by other chemical routes lead to production of high amounts of good quality CNTs.