Utilization of borax solid wastes in fast single-firing porcelain tile glass-ceramic glazes under industrial working conditions


2008 Global Symposium on Recycling, Waste Treatment and Clean Technology, REWAS 2008, Cancun, Mexico, 12 - 15 October 2008, pp.379-387 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Cancun
  • Country: Mexico
  • Page Numbers: pp.379-387
  • Keywords: Anorthite, Borax solid wastes, Characterization, Diopside, Glass-ceramic glazes, Industrial application, Porcelain tile, Utilization
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


In this investigation, the wastes of Eti Maden Kirka Boron Company of Turkiye were evaluated in the production of diopside and anorthite-based glass-ceramic glazes suitable for porcelain tiles fast and single-fired under industrial conditions. First of all, high wear resistant frits were produced with the use of concentrator and derivative borax wastes. Second of all, pre-engobed porcelain tile bodies were coated with the standard and newly produced frit-based glazes and industrial fast single-firing was employed. Final products were undergone to the certain standard tests to determine their Vickers hardness, wear resistance, thermal expansion coefficient values, gloss and coloring parameters. The micro-structures and phase formations of the fired glazes were also studied. Consequently, it was confirmed that the utilization of borax solid wastes in fast single-fired porcelain tile glass-ceramic glazes is possible.