Oseltamivir phosphate loaded pegylated-Eudragit nanoparticles for lung cancer therapy: Characterization, prolonged release, cytotoxicity profile, apoptosis pathways and in vivo anti-angiogenic effect by using CAM assay


MICROVASCULAR RESEARCH, vol.139, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 139
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.mvr.2021.104251
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Oseltamivir phosphate, Eudragit, Pegylation, Antiangiogenic activity, Apoptosis, Flow cytometry, Nanoparticle, Lung cancer, Release kinetic, In vivo CAM assay, EMBRYO CHORIOALLANTOIC MEMBRANE, PLGA-BASED NANOPARTICLES, POLYMERIC NANOPARTICLES, SUSTAINED-RELEASE, DELIVERY-SYSTEMS, VITRO EVALUATION, DRUG-RELEASE, FORMULATION, GROWTH, ACID
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


The target of the current investigation was the delivery of oseltamivir phosphate (OSE) into the lung adenocarcinoma tissues by means of designing nanosized, non-toxic and biocompatible pegylated Eudragit based NPs and investigating their anticancer and antiangiogenic activity. The rationale for this strategy is to provide a novel perspective to cancer treatment with OSE loaded pegylated ERS NPs under favor of smaller particle size, biocompatible feature, cationic characteristic, examining their selective effectiveness on lung cell lines (A549 lung cancer cell line and CCD-19Lu normal cell line) and examining antiangiogenic activity by in vivo CAM analysis. For this purpose, OSE encapsulated pegylated ERS based NPs were developed and investigated for zeta potential, particle size, encapsulation efficiency, morphology, DSC, FT-IR, H-1 NMR analyses. In vitro release, cytotoxicity, determination apoptotic pathways and in vivo CAM assay were carried out. Considering characterizations, NPs showed smaller particle size, cationic zeta potential, relatively higher EE%, nearly spherical shape, amorphous matrix formation and prolonged release pattern (Peppas-Sahlin and Weibull model with Fickian and non-Fickian release mechanisms). Flow cytometry was used to assess the apoptotic pathways using the Annexin V-FITC/PI staining assay, FITC Active Caspase-3 staining assay, and mitochondrial membrane potential detection tests. Activations on caspase-3 pathways made us think that OSE loaded pegylated ERS NPs triggered to apoptosis using intrinsic pathway. As regards to the in vivo studies, OSE loaded pegylated ERS based NPs demonstrated strong and moderate antiangiogenic activity for ERS-OSE 2 and ERS-OSE 3, respectively. With its cationic character, smaller particle size, relative superior EE%, homogenous amorphous polymeric matrix constitution indicated using solid state tests, prolonged release manner, highly selective to the human lung adenocarcinoma cell lines, could trigger apoptosis intrinsically and effectively, possess good in vivo antiangiogenic activity, ERS-OSE 2 formulation is chosen as a promising candidate and a potent drug delivery system to treat lung cancer.