The present study is aimed to investigate the upgrading of beech sawdust pyrolysis bio-oil through catalytic cracking of its vapors over Fe-modified ZSM-5 zeolite in a fixed bed tubular reactor. The zeolite supported iron catalyst was successfully prepared with varying metal loading ratios (1, 5, 10 wt%) via dry impregnation method and further characterized by BET, XRD, and SEM-EDX techniques. TG/FT-IR/MS analysis was used for the detection of biomass thermal degradation. Product yields of non-catalytic and catalytic pyrolysis experiments were determined and the obtained results show that bio-oil yields decreased in the presence of catalysts. Besides, the bio-oil composition is characterized by GC/MS. It was indicated that the entity of the ZSM-5 and Fe/ZSM-5 catalyst reveal a significant enhancement quality of the pyrolysis products in comparison with non-catalytic experiment. The catalyst increased oxygen removal from the organic phase of bio-oil and further developed the production of desirable products such as phenolics and aromatic compounds. (C) 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.