Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Performance of a Sulfonated Poly(Arylene Ether Benzimidazole) Copolymer Membrane

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GERÇEL H. F., Tosun C. G., Akyalcun L.

ADVANCES IN MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, vol.2016, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Disodium-3,3'-disulfonate-4,4'-dichlorodiphenylsulfone (SDCDPS) and 5,5'-bis[2-(4-hydroxyphenyl) benzimidazole] (HPBI) monomers were synthesized. Binding these monomers via nucleophilic aromatic polycondensation reaction, a sulfonated poly(arylene ether benzimidazole) copolymer was synthesized. Structures of monomers and copolymer were confirmed by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((HNMR)-H-1) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy analyses. Proton exchange membrane was prepared by dissolving copolymer in dimethylacetamide (DMAc) and casting onto a glass plate. Copolymer membrane was doped with sulfuric acid to ensure proton exchange character. Single cell performance of the copolymer membrane was tested in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell test station. The highest power density of the membrane was measured as 23.7 mW cm(-2) at 80 degrees C. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed that as the degree of disulfonation is increased thermal stability of the copolymer is increased.