A Preliminary Study on Cell Wall Architecture of Titanium Foams

TUNCER N., Salvo L., Maire E., Arslan G.

Symposium on Architectured Multifunctional Materials held at the 2009 MRS Spring Meeting, San-Francisco, Costa Rica, 14 - 16 April 2009, vol.1188, pp.43-44 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 1188
  • Doi Number: 10.1557/proc-1188-ll02-04
  • City: San-Francisco
  • Country: Costa Rica
  • Page Numbers: pp.43-44
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Bio-inspired architectures, especially metallic foams, have been receiving an increasing interest for the last 10 years due to their unusual mechanical properties. Among commonly dealt foamed metals, like aluminum and steel, titanium possesses a distinctive place because of its high strength-to-weight ratio, excellent corrosion resistance and biocompatibility. In this study, Ti foams were produced by a very simple and common method, sintering under inert atmosphere with fugitive space holder. Removal of the space holder was conducted by dissolution in hot deionized water which makes it possible to minimize contamination of Ti. Sintering of remaining Ti skeleton at 1300 degrees C offered a wide range of properties and cost savings. The effects of the processing parameters such as sintering temperature and powder characteristics on the 3D foam architecture were investigated by using X-ray microtomography (mu-CT). Use of bimodal Ti powders caused a decrease in final theoretical density when compared to the ones prepared with the same amount of space holder but with monomodal Ti powders. It was also observed that the use of bimodal Ti powders decreased compressive strength at a fixed relative density, by introducing pores into the cell walls.