The impact of container transport on economic growth in Turkey: An ARDL bounds testing approach

ÖZER M., Canbay S., Kirca M.

RESEARCH IN TRANSPORTATION ECONOMICS, vol.88, 2021 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 88
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.retrec.2020.101002
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, EconLit
  • Keywords: Economic growth, Maritime container transport, Railway container transport, ARDL bounds Testing approach, Intermodal transport, INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT, GRANGER-CAUSALITY, ENERGY-CONSUMPTION, MARITIME, CHINA, PANEL, EXPORT, GDP, DEMAND, PORTS
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


This study aims to analyse the effects of maritime and rail container transports on the economic growth in Turkey with annual data for the period 1991-2016 using the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) based bounds testing approach. The empirical findings of the study show the existence of a cointegration between the variables. Additionally, according to the results of the analysis, there was no significant relationship between economic growth and rail container transport. On the other hand, maritime container transport has a positive and statistically significant impact on economic growth both in the short- and long-run. These findings could be used to develop an extensive and efficient container transport system which contributes more to international trade, thus to economic growth of Turkey.