Composition of essential oils of ten Centaurea L. taxa from Turkey

Karamenderes C., DEMİRCİ B., BAŞER K. H. C.

JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL RESEARCH, vol.20, no.4, pp.342-349, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10412905.2008.9700027
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.342-349
  • Keywords: Centaurea hierapolitana, Centaurea cadmea, Centaurea calolepis, Centaurea cariensis subsp maculiceps, Centaurea cariensis subsp microlepis, Centaurea ensiformis, Centaurea reuterana. var. reuterana, Centaurea cyanus, Centaurea depressa, Centaurea urvillei subsp urvillei, Asteraceae, essential oil composition, hexadecanoic acid, carvacrol, 4-methyl-4-hepten-3-one, ASTERACEAE GROWING WILD, VOLATILE CONSTITUENTS, SESQUITERPENE LACTONES, SOLSTITIALIS L., COMPONENTS, BOISS., DC.
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Essential oils obtained by microdistillation front seven endemic Centaurea species [C. hierapolitana Boiss., C. cadmea Boiss., C. calolepis Boiss., C. cariensis Boiss. subsp. maculiceps (O. Schwarz) Wagenitz, C. cariensis Boiss. subsp. microlepis (Boiss.) Wagenitz, C. ensiformis P.H. Davis and C. reuterana Boiss. var. reuterana] and three widespread (C. cyanus L., C. depressa Bieb. and C. urvillei DC. subsp. urvillei) Centaurea L. (Asteraceae) taxa from Turkey were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) techniques. A total of 158 different compounds were identified. Significant and quantitative differences were observed among the species. Hexadecanoic acid (19.5-33.4%) was the main constituent of C. hierapolitana, C. cadmea, C. calolepis, C. reuterana var. reuterana, C. depressa and C. urvillei subsp. urvillei oils, while carvacrol (13.0-28.4%) was the major compound in, C. cariensis subsp. microlepis, C. cariensis subsp. maculiceps, C. ensiformis and C. cyanus oils.