CYTOTECHNOLOGY, no.3, pp.1061-1073, 2018 (SCI-Expanded)
Article / Article
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
Glioma cell, epsilon-Viniferin, Apoptosis, Combined treatment, RESVERATROL-INDUCED APOPTOSIS, IN-VITRO, HEPG2 CELLS, GLIOMA-CELLS, RED WINE, INDUCTION, LEUKEMIA, DEATH, PROLIFERATION, TEMOZOLOMIDE
Anadolu University Affiliated:
Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most common and lethal forms of primary brain tumors in human adults. Treatment options are limited, and in most cases ineffective. Natural products are sources of novel compounds endowed with therapeutic properties in many human diseases like cancer. epsilon-viniferin is a resveratrol dimer and well known for having antiproliferative and apoptotic effects on cancer cells. Cisplatin is a platinum containing anti-cancer drug. In this study, we aimed to investigate antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of using cis-platin and epsilon-viniferin alone or in combined treatment of C6 cells. Cell proliferation was detected by WST-1. Mitochondrial membrane potential changes in the cells (Delta Im) were evaluated using cationic dye JC1. Apoptotic index which is a hallmark of late apoptosis was detected by using Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) method and apoptotic alterations were observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM). Activation of caspase-8, -9, -3 in C6 cells at various incubation periods was measured by flow cytometer. Apoptotic index increased at highest level in only combined treatment cells (91.6%) after 48 h incubation. These results were supported by TEM images. Caspase-8 activation in C6 cells increased to a maximum (12.5%) after 6 h by using combined cis-platin/epsilon-viniferin treatment (13.25/95 mu M). Caspase-9 was activated at 44.5% after combined treatment for 24 h. This rate is higher than using cis-platin (14.2%) or epsilon-viniferin (43.3%) alone. The combined 13.25 mu M/cisplatin and 95 mu M epsilon-viniferin treatment caused maximum caspase-3 activation in C6 cells (15.5%) at the end of the 72 h incubation. In conclusion, it was observed that caspase-8, -9, -3 activation which was determined in vitro, trigerred apoptotic mechanism in C6 cells by using low concentrations of combined cis-platin and epsilon-viniferin.