Dithiocarbamate derivatives inhibit alpha-glucosidase through an apparent allosteric site on the enzyme

Ghani U., Ashraf S., Ul-Haq Z., Mujamammi A. H., ÖZKAY Y., DEMİRCİ F., ...More

CHEMICAL BIOLOGY & DRUG DESIGN, vol.98, no.2, pp.283-294, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 98 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/cbdd.13897
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.283-294
  • Keywords: benzylamine piperazine, competitive, dithiocarbamate, docking, molecular dynamics, non-competitive, alpha-Glucosidase inhibitor, MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS SIMULATIONS, PIPERIDINE, MECHANISM
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Dithiocarbamate derivatives possess diverse biological activities. This work further expands their activity profile by identifying seven benzylamine-containing dithiocarbamate derivatives with piperazine and piperidine substitutions at the main moiety, and five piperazine-containing dithiocarbamates with various substitutions at the piperazine moiety as new inhibitors of alpha-glucosidase. Compounds bearing the benzylamine moiety exhibited more potent inhibition of the enzyme than the piperazine derivatives. Majority of the compounds non-competitively inhibited alpha-glucosidase that led to the identification of a new allosteric site on the enzyme with the help of molecular dynamics and docking studies. These studies suggest that the compounds regulate inhibition of the enzyme by binding to an allosteric site that is located in the vicinity of the active site. This is the first report on the allosteric inhibition of alpha-glucosidase by dithiocarbamate derivatives that provides insights into the mechanism of inhibition of the enzyme at molecular level. Moreover, it also explores new avenues for drug development of alpha-glucosidase inhibitors as antidiabetic drugs.