An Analysis on the Meanings and Connotations of the Concept of Fire in Turkish and Russian Languages


AYDIN O.

SELCUK UNIVERSITESI EDEBIYAT FAKULTESI DERGISI-SELCUK UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF FACULTY OF LETTERS, pp.57-76, 2023 (ESCI) identifier

Abstract

The analysis of the concept or concepts of a language provides important data about the culture and linguistic worldview of the society in which that language is spoken. The way people perceive the world can be explained through cultural linguistic units, especially idioms and proverbs. The subject of our research is the problem of how the concept of fire is perceived by the Turkish and Russian peoples. This study aims to answer the questions of how the concept in question is reflected in the language through idioms and what kind of semantic similarities exist in both languages. The comparative-descriptive method, the principal component analysis, and the concept analysis method of Russian researchers Zinaida D. Popova and Iosif A. Sternin were used in the study. In light of the research carried out, it was determined that fire, as a concept that is considered sacred and respected or feared in both cultures, has both a positive and negative common semantic stratum. In addition, it was concluded that the concept of fire has a very meaningful structure within Turkish and Russian languages in mythological, historical, cultural, and literary fields. Besides, the comparative study of both languages revealed that it has close meanings in both languages. Conducted in the context of linguoculturology, this study is expected to make a contribution to the intercultural interaction and communication of both societies.