Comparing Implementation Patterns of e-Learning for Higher Education in Turkey and Estonia

Guellue F., Kuusik R., Demiray U., Laanpere M.

13th European Conference on e-Learning (ECEL), Copenhagen, Denmark, 30 - 31 October 2014, pp.644-650 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Copenhagen
  • Country: Denmark
  • Page Numbers: pp.644-650
  • Keywords: e-learning, educational systems, technology infrastructure, higher education, quality, MODEL
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Wide-scale implementation of technology-enhanced learning in schools and higher education has been supported by national and institutional level strategies and policies. In this paper for the first time we compare and contrast the strategic development of technology enhanced learning on the national and institutional levels in Estonia and Turkey, relying on analysis of existing technical and pedagogical basics. Although these two countries are contrastingly different from each other (Estonia is small and Northern and Turkey is large and Southern), there are many similarities in the e-learning ways in the higher education has been introduced on the national and institutional levels. The paper is the first part of author's PhD study, focused on finding ways to improve existing structure and approaches for e-learning in Turkey.