Differential Effects Between Group Counselling and Group Guidance in Conducting a 'Coping with Stress Training Program' for Turkish University Students


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF COUNSELLING, vol.29, no.1, pp.69-81, 2007 (ESCI) identifier identifier


This study aimed at investigating differential effects between group counselling and group guidance in conducting a 'Coping with Stress Training Program' for 24 Turkish university students. The dependent variables were coping with stress, irrational beliefs and optimism. A 3x2 design (treatment sequence by repeated measures) was applied. As a result of the treatment no significant difference was observed between the two experimental groups in any of the variables tested in the study; however, both experimental groups differed significantly from a control group in respect to coping with stress. With regard to the within-group comparisons, irrational belief tendencies in both experimental groups decreased significantly, while the level of optimism of the counselling group and the problem-focused stress coping tendencies of the guidance group increased significantly. Based on the findings, it was considered that the program for developing coping skills for stress might best be implemented in a group guidance format especially in Turkey where there are limited physical resources, a low number of staff to run programs and a high number of students in need of help.