The composition of essential oils from Tilia L. Species growing in Turkey

Toker G., Baser K., KÜRKÇÜOĞLU M., ÖZEK T.

Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol.11, no.3, pp.369-374, 1999 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10412905.1999.9701158
  • Journal Name: Journal of Essential Oil Research
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.369-374
  • Keywords: 2-phenethyl benzoate, Essential oil composition, Heneicosane, Hexadecanoic acid, Kaur-16-ene, Lime tree, Linden, Pentacosane, T. argentea, T. rubra, Tilia platyphyllos, Tricosane
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Essential oil from the flowers, bracts and leaves of Tilia platyphyllos Scop., T. rubra DC. and T. argentea Desf. ex DC. growing in Turkey were examined by GC/MS. The composition of the essential oils showed differences. The essential oils from the flowers of T. platyphyllos and T. rubra were characterized by a high percentage of hydrocarbons (47.5-66.5%), whereas T. argentea flowers were rich in esters (34.8%). Esters were also in high amount in the bracts of T. argentea (27.0%). The high content of aliphatic acids were found in the all parts of T. platyphyllos (28.3-37.1%), T. argentea (29.4-41.0%) and bracts of T. rubra(30.M). Kaur-l6-ene (29.3% and 41.9%) was the major constituent in the leaf oils of T. rubra and Tplatyphyllos, respectively. It was also the main constituent of the bract oil of the latter (25.8%). Hexadecanoic acid, 2-phenethyl benzoate, β-ionone, geranyl acetone, farnesyl acetone and hexahydrofarnesyl acetone were characterized as the main oxygenated constituents. © 1999, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All rights reserved.