Chemically activated carbon production from agricultural waste of chickpea and its application for heavy metal adsorption: equilibrium, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies

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ÖZSİN G., KILIÇ M., Apaydin-Varol E., PÜTÜN A. E.

APPLIED WATER SCIENCE, vol.9, no.3, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13201-019-0942-8
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Chickpea husk, Activated carbon, Chemical activation, Heavy metal, Adsorption, MICROWAVE-INDUCED KOH, AQUEOUS-SOLUTION, II ADSORPTION, RICE HUSKS, REMOVAL, IONS, K2CO3, PERFORMANCE, ADSORBENT, CHROMIUM
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this study was to produce activated carbons (ACs) from chickpea (Cicer arietinum) husks by chemical activation (KOH and K2CO3) and to examine their feasibility in removing heavy metals from aqueous solutions. In the case of KOH impregnation with a ratio of 50 wt%, the most developed porosity was achieved, with a BET surface area of 2082m(2)/g and a total pore volume of 1.07cm(3)/g. By using the product, the maximum adsorption capacities were found to be 135.8, 59.6, and 56.2mg/g for Pb(II), Cr(VI), and Cu(II), respectively. The experimental data were analyzed by various adsorption isotherm and kinetic models. Thermodynamic parameters such as G degrees, H degrees, and S degrees were also calculated. The results obtained in this study shows that adsorption onto chickpea-husk-derived activated carbon was endothermic and spontaneous for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions.