The visual poem in modern Turkish literature Çağdaş Türk edebiyatında görsel Şiir


Bilig, vol.73, pp.249-270, 2015 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 73
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Journal Name: Bilig
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.249-270
  • Keywords: Alienation effect (verfremdungseffekt), Concrete poem, Differentiation, Modern Turkish poetry, Ostranenie, Visual poem
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


© 2015, Ahmet Yesevi University. All rights reserved.It is interesting to observe that many works have been produced in both Ottoman and Turkish poetry through the deconstruction of the traditional perception of the poetic line and the foregrounding of visuality. In evaluating and naming of such poems, scholars have used such terms as concrete poem and visual poem. In this article the concept of the visual poem will be used as a general definition which includes all kinds of samples featuring visual structure in poetry. Poems in modern Turkish literature written in this frame will be classified under four different titles. Firstly, a group of poems will be evaluated by using the Russian Formalists’ concept of “differentiation” (ostranenie). Such poems differentiate readers’ routine perception of poems and aim at making readers feel objects in nature in a better way by featuring visuality. Secondly, the attempts of some poets to express better their ideologies by using visuality will be associated with Bertolt Brecht’s “alienation effect” (verfremdungeffekt). Thirdly, the works of poets featuring visual structure via words, syllables and letters will be defined as concrete poems. Finally, poems consisting of such visual arts as the photograph, painting and cinema will be called visual poems. Thus it will be revealed that poems outside the traditional line structure and featuring visual structure can be differentiated according to their purpose of writing and character. In this frame it will also be asserted that such poems should be named differently in different cases.