Characterization of the leachate in an urban landfill by physicochemical analysis and Solid Phase Microextraction-GC/MS

Banar M., Ozkan A., Kurkcuoglu M.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, vol.121, no.1-3, pp.439-459, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 121 Issue: 1-3
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10661-005-9144-y
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.439-459
  • Keywords: municipal solid waste, landfill leachate, solid phase microextraction, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, SPSS, CHROMATOGRAPHY MASS-SPECTROMETRY
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study is to evaluate extensively the characterization and identification of major pollutant parameters by paying attention to the organic chemical pollution for unregulated dumping site leachate in Eskisehir/Turkey. The study that is first and only one research has been very important data related with before new sanitary landfill site in Eskisehir city. For this purpose, in this study leachate samples were collected in-situ at monthly interval for a period of 8 months. Firstly, thirty three physicochemical parameters were monitored. Secondly, SPME technique was used for identification of organic pollutants. Meteorological data were also recorded for the same sampling period to correlate meteorological data and physicochemical parameters. Mean values are used in the correlation analysis. Correlation is shown only for the relationship between air temperature and NO3-. No correlation has been found between rain and leachate quality parameters since the amount of rain was very low during the sampling period. However, analysis results were generally decreased in winter season when each parameter and each sampling point are examined separately. According to correlation between every parameter, especially solid content and dissolved oxygen concentration of leachate is affecting to other parameters. Also, sodium and potassium are changing proportionally with same parameters (suspended solids, fixed solids, dissolved oxygen) and high correlation between chloride and heavy metal concentration is showing. The results were statistically evaluated by use of SPSS 10.0 program. Second part of the study, the leachate was extracted by Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) technique and then analyzed. Of the methodologies tested in this study, the best one selected was based on 100 mu m polydimethylsiloxane coated fiber (PDMS), headspace with heating (Delta HS) sampling mode and an extraction time of 15 min. at a temperature of 50 degrees C. Thirty three organic compounds in leachate were identified by GC/MS.