Modeling Climate Change Effects on Streams and Reservoirs with HSPF

GÖNCÜ S., Albek E.

WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT, vol.24, no.4, pp.707-726, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11269-009-9466-6
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.707-726
  • Keywords: Climate change, HSPF, Land use, Reservoir, Streamflow, Watershed, WATER-RESOURCES, RIVER-BASIN, FLOW, SENSITIVITY, SIMULATION, HYDROLOGY, QUALITY, RUNOFF, IMPACT
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


This study deals with the effects of the expected climate change on the hydrology of watersheds and on water resources. HSPF (Hydrological Simulation Program-Fortran) has been used to model streamflow and reservoir volume as realizations of watershed response. Climate change scenarios have been prepared based on trends expected in western Turkey in the first half of the twenty-first century and a hypothetical watershed with different land uses has been simulated. Changes in streamflow due to landuse, soil type and climate change have been examined using flood frequency and low flow analysis. The simulations have revealed quantitatively the difference among the responses of watersheds with no vegetative cover and with forests or pasture to trends in temperature and precipitation. It has also been found that monthly variations are very important in predicting the future response of watersheds. Significant differences have been observed in streamflows and reservoir volumes on a monthly basis between scenarios, soil types and land uses. Though the effects of temperature and precipitation act to counterbalance their effects on a long-term scale, on a monthly basis they can act to reinforce their effects and create drought periods and floods.