The Story of Shah Hatayl and Tacli Hanim


MILLI FOLKLOR, no.117, pp.5-18, 2018 (AHCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Journal Name: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.5-18
  • Keywords: Shah Ismail, Hatayi, Tacli Hanim, story, narrative
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Shah Ismail (1487-1524), the Erdebil Dervish Monastery's Shaykh and the founder of Safavid Dynasty, is a poet who also tells Turkish poems under the pseudonym Hatayi. His poems were collected in his works named Deh-name, Nasihat-name and Divan-i Hatayi. Poems which are with the pseudonym Hatayi are not found in the current manuscripts, they are often found in magazines and poetry books. In addition to his historical personality, Shah Ismail is also known as a story hero. Especially, the story of Shah Ismail and Gulizar is widely known throughout a wide geography. It is possible that the story of Shah Ismail and Gulizar is diversified with episodes added from other accounts. Although not as common as this story, the story of Shah Hatayi and Tack Hanim, in which the written text is found under the heading of "Der-Vaki'at-i Shah Hatayi", is also interesting in terms of narrative tradition. Even though the stories of Shah Ismail and Gulizar are very indirect in their connection to the historical events, the story of Shah Hatayi and TEO Hamm is directly related to the biography of Shah Ismail. The core of this story is the Battle of caldiran, which is the most important breaking point in Shah Ismail's life. In the Battle of caldiran, which resulted in the defeat of Shah Ismail being on the point of death and narrowly escaped from detention, his wife or wives were taken captive by the Ottoman troops. Although it is controversial who the captive wife is, the interest of the historians is concentrated on Tagh Hamm, one of the most popular women of the Safavid Seraglio, and stories have been formed around her. Despite his mystical power and charismatic personality, the tragedy of Shah Ismail in the Battle of caldiran transformed him into a narrative hero. The verse sections of the story titled "Der-Vaki'at-i Shah Hatayi" are also presented in a context that can be associated with Shah Ismail's poet identity. On the other hand, the handwritings of Shah Ismail's works were produced in accordance with the classical understanding, but not in the manuscripts under the pseudonym Hatayi, the poetry produced according to the rules of syllabic and minstrel literature is attributed to Shah Ismail and entered into oral tradition, afterwards. The issue of whether the poems attributed to Hatayi belongs to Shah Ismail is handled both in terms of approach to criticize texts and in view of folklore theories in the context of the story of Shah Hatayi and Tacli Hanim.