Composition of the Turkish cumin seed oil


Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol.4, no.2, pp.133-138, 1992 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 4 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 1992
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10412905.1992.9698034
  • Journal Name: Journal of Essential Oil Research
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.133-138
  • Keywords: Apiaceae, Cumin seeds, Cuminum cyminum, Essential oil, P-menthadienal
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


The steam and water distilled oils of Turkish cumin seed (Cuminumcyminum L.) were examined by a combination of GC and GC/MS. The major compounds characterized in the oils were cuminaldehyde (19.25–27.02%), p-mentha-l,3-dien-7-al (4.29–12.26%), p-mentha-l,4-dien-7-al (24.48–44.91%), α-terpinene (7.06–14.10%), p-cymene (4.61–12.01%) and β-pinene (2.98–8.90%). The mode of distillation and pregrinding of the cumin seed had a pronounced effect on the composition of the resultant oil. The composition of the lab-distilled oils was compared with some commercially produced Turkish cumin seed oil, some Indian oils and Egyptian oil. They were found to differ in their cuminaldehyde and p-menthadienal contents. © 1992 Allured Publishing Corp.