Synthesis and Characterization of Novel 1,3-Diaryltriazene-Substituted Sulfaguanidine Derivatives as Selective Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors: Biological Evaluation, in Silico ADME/T and Molecular Docking Study

AKOCAK S., Lolak N., Duran H. E., IŞIK M., TÜRKEŞ C., DURGUN M., ...More

CHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY, vol.20, no.8, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/cbdv.202300611
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: 1,3-diaryltriazene, carbonic anhydrase, glaucoma, molecular docking, sulfaguanidine
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Sulfonamide compounds known as human carbonic anhydrase (hCA) inhibitors are used in the treatment of many diseases such as epilepsy, antibacterial, glaucoma, various diseases. 1,3-diaryl-substituted triazenes and sulfaguanidine are used for therapeutic purposes in many drug structures. Based on these two groups, the synthesis of new compounds is important. In the present study, the novel 1,3-diaryltriazene-substituted sulfaguanidine derivatives (SG1-13) were synthesized and fully characterized by spectroscopic and analytic methods. Inhibitory effect of these compounds on the hCA I and hCA II was screened as in vitro. All the series of synthesized compounds have been identified as potential hCA isoenzymes inhibitory with K-I values in the range of 6.44 & PLUSMN;0.74-86.85 & PLUSMN;7.01 nM for hCA I and with K-I values in the range of 8.16 & PLUSMN;0.40-77.29 & PLUSMN;9.56 nM for hCA II. Moreover, the new series of compounds showed a more effective inhibition effect than the acetazolamide used as a reference. The possible binding positions of the compounds with a binding affinity to the hCA I and hCA II was demonstrated by in silico studies. In conclusion, compounds with varying degrees of affinity for hCA isoenzymes have been designed and as selective hCA inhibitors. These compounds may be potential alternative agents that can be used to treat or prevent diseases associated with glaucoma and hCA inhibition.