Compositions of the essential oils of Ballota nigra subsp uncinata and subsp anatolica from Turkey

Creative Commons License

KAYA A., Kurkcoglu M., DİNÇ M., DOĞU S.

INDIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH, vol.51, no.3, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.5530/ijper.51.3s.9
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Ballota nigra, Essential oil, subsp uncinata, subsp anatolica, Turkey, SSP FOETIDA
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Ballota nigra L. is a member of Lamiaceae family and is represented in the Flora of Turkey by five subspecies. Subsp. uncinata is a mediterranean element while subsp. anatolica is a Irano-Turanian phytogeographic region. Material and Methods: The essential oils from aerial parts of subsp. uncinata and subsp. anatolica were isolated by hydrodistillation. The analysis was performed by using a gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography- mass spectrometry (GC-MS) systems, simultaneously. Results: Twenty-two compounds were identified from the oil of subsp. uncinata representing 96.9% of the total oil and fourteen compounds were identified from the oil of subsp. anatolica representing 88% of the total oil. The major components were characterized as caryophyllene oxide (21.2%), hexadecanoic acid (19.9%), beta-caryophyllene (18.9%) for subsp. uncinata and hexadecanoic acid (40.9%) and beta-bisabolene (13.4%) for subsp. anatolica, respectively.