Code-switching in tertiary-level EFL classrooms: Perceptions of teachers

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Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, vol.15, no.4, pp.1287-1299, 2019 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.17263/jlls.668428
  • Journal Name: Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1287-1299
  • Keywords: Classroom interaction, Code-switching, Code-switching functions, EFL teaching
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


© 2019 JLLS and the Authors - Published by JLLS.This study aims at examining the functions of 4 teachers’ and their students’ code-switching in tertiary-level EFL classrooms and the teachers’ perceptions of code-switching. Data were collected by video-recording of the lessons of each teacher once a week and the classes were video-recorded in a three-week period. After transcribing video recordings of their lessons, the data were analysed qualitatively by finding the code-switching functions of teachers and students and finding if there are any similarities and differences between novice and experienced teachers’ code-switching functions. Moreover, semi-structured interviews were also carried out with the teachers to get their perceptions of code-switching. Results of the study showed that teachers did not use code-switching most of the time in teaching, there were a few instances. Of these instances, some similarities and differences among teachers’ and students’ functions of code-switching, and also between novice and experienced teachers’ use of code-switching in classroom discourse were detected. Furthermore, interviews revealed that what the teachers do in the classroom in terms of code-switching and their perceptions on code-switching matched. Based on the results, some implications were mentioned in terms of the use of L1 in language classes.