Head-space volatiles of marula (Sclerocarya birrea subsp caffra)

Viljoen A. M., Kamatou G. P. P., Baser K. H. C.

SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY, vol.74, no.2, pp.325-326, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.sajb.2007.10.005
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.325-326
  • Keywords: benzyl 4-methylpentanoate, GC-MS, head-space, heptadecene, marina, Sclerocarya birrea subsp caffra, SPME, alpha-humulene, beta-caryophyllene
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Head-space volatiles of the fruit pulp and the whole fruits (skin volatiles) were investigated using solid phase micro-extraction (SPME) and GC-MS. The two major compounds in the fruit pulp were beta-caryophyllene (91.3%) and alpha-humulene (8.3%). Thirty volatiles representing 88.7% of the total composition were identified in the head-space of the whole fruits. Heptadecene (16.1%); benzyl 4-methylpentanoate (8.8%), benzyl butyrate (6.7%), (Z)-13-octadecenal (6.2%) and cyclo-pentadecane (5.7%) were present in levels higher than 5%. The major alcohol detected in the head-space of the whole intact fruits was (Z)-3-decen-l-ol (8.4%). (c) 2007 SAAB. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.