The Development and Full Validation of a Novel Liquid Chromatography Electrochemical Detection Method for Simultaneous Determination of Nine Catecholamines in Rat Brain

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ÖZCAN S., Geven A., Kozanli M., CAN N. Ö.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES, vol.20, no.5, pp.318-327, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.4274/tjps.galenos.2022.06606
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.318-327
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives: Chemical neurotransmission, managed by neurotransmitters, has a crucial role in brain processes such as fear, memory, learning, and pain, or neuropathology such as schizophrenia, epilepsy, anxiety/depression, and Parkinson's disease. The measurement of these compounds is used to elucidate the disease mechanisms and evaluate the outcomes of therapeutic interventions. However, this can be quite difficult because of various matrix effects and the problems of chromatographic separation of analysts. In the current study; for the first time, an optimized and fully validated high-performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection (HPLC-EC) method according to Food and Drug Administration and European Medicines Agency Bioanalytical Validation Guidance was developed for the simultaneous analysis of nine neurotransmitter compounds, norepinephrine, 3,4 dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, and 3-methoxytyramine and simultaneously determined in rat brain samples. Materials and Methods: Separation was achieved with 150 mm x 4.6 mm, 2.6 mu m Kinetex F5 (Phenomenex, USA) column isocratically, and analysis was carried out by HPLC equipped with a DECADE II EC detector. Results: The method exhibited good selectivity, and the correlation coefficient values for each analyte's calibration curves were > 0.99. The detection and quantification limits ranged from 0.01 to 0.03 ng/mL and 3.04 to 9.13 ng/mL, respectively. The stability of the analyses and method robustness were also examined in detail in the study, and the obtained results are presented statistically. Conclusion: The developed and fully validated method has been successfully applied to actual rat brain samples, and important results have been obtained. In the rat brain sample analysis, the lowest number of SER and the highest amount of noradrenaline were found.