Multivariate Analyses of Heavy Metals in Surface Soil Around an Organized Industrial Area in Eskisehir, Turkey

Malkoc S., Yazici B.

BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY, vol.98, no.2, pp.244-250, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 98 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00128-016-1991-4
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.244-250
  • Keywords: Heavy metal, Soil contamination, Pollution index, Enrichment factor, Cluster analyses, Industrial area, URBAN SOILS, HEALTH-RISK, GEOSTATISTICAL ANALYSES, POLLUTION ASSESSMENT, SPATIAL-DISTRIBUTION, NORTHEAST CHINA, FARMING SOILS, CONTAMINATION, INDIA, CITY
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


A total of 50 surface industrial area soil in Eskisehir, Turkey were collected and the concentrations of As, Cr, Cd, Co, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, Fe and Mg, at 11.34, 95.8, 1.37, 15.28, 33.06, 143.65, 14.34, 78.79 mg/kg, 188.80% and 78.70%, respectively. The EF values for As, Cu, Pb and Zn at a number of sampling sites were found to be the highest among metals. Igeo-index results show that the study area is moderately polluted with respect to As, Cd, Ni. According to guideline values of Turkey Environmental Quality Standard for Soils, there is no problem for Pb, but the Cd values are fairly high. However, Cr, Cu, Ni and Zn values mostly exceed the limits. Cluster analyses suggested that soil the contaminator values are homogenous in those sub classes. The prevention and remediation of the heavy metal soil pollution should focus on these high-risk areas in the future.