Turkish Spoken by Turks in European Countries: Usage Environment, Sustainability Possibilities and Preservation Awareness

Pilanci H.

BILIG, vol.49, no.49, pp.127-160, 2009 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 49
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Journal Name: BILIG
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.127-160
  • Keywords: Language, native language, international immigration, Turkish, Turkish in Europe
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: No


The social functions of one's native language have gained great importance especially for countries where multiculturalism caused by emigration is a defining characteristic. Native language, which is regarded as a symbol of existence by the emigrants, is often perceived by the majority as a threat to national values and social harmony.