CHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY, vol.17, no.4, 2020 (SCI-Expanded)
Chlorogenic (5-CQA), 1,5-, 3,5-, 4,5- and 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic (DCQA) acids were identified and quantified in the methanol extracts of Inula oculus-christi L., I. bifrons L., I. aschersoniana Janka var. aschersoniana, I. ensifolia L., I. conyza (Griess.) DC. and I. germanica L. by HPLC analysis. The amount of 5-CQA varied from 5.48 to 28.44 mg/g DE and the highest content was detected in I. ensifolia. 1,5-DCQA (4.05-55.25 mg/g DE) was the most abundant dicaffeoyl ester of quinic acid followed by 3,5-DCQA, 4,5-DCQA and 3,4-DCQA. The extract of I. ensifolia showed the highest total phenolic content (119.92 +/- 0.95 mg GAE/g DE) and exhibited the strongest DPPH radical scavenging activity (69.41 +/- 0.55 %). I. bifrons extract was found to be the most active sample against ABTS(.+) (TEAC 0.257 +/- 0.012 mg/mL) and the best tyrosinase inhibitor. The studied extracts demonstrated a low inhibitory effect towards acetylcholinesterase and possessed low cytotoxicity in concentration range from 10 to 300 mu g/mL toward non-cancer (MDCK II) and cancer (A 549) cells.