Caffeoylquinic Acids, Cytotoxic, Antioxidant, Acetylcholinesterase and Tyrosinase Enzyme Inhibitory Activities of Six Inula Species from Bulgaria

Trendafilova A., Ivanova V., Rangelov M., Todorova M., ÖZEK G., Yur S., ...More

CHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY, vol.17, no.4, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/cbdv.202000051
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Inula species, caffeoylquinic acids, antioxidant activity, acetylcholinesterase and tyrosinase inhibition, cytotoxicity, OCULUS-CHRISTI, EXTRACT, L., BRITANNICA, PROFILE, MS/MS
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Chlorogenic (5-CQA), 1,5-, 3,5-, 4,5- and 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic (DCQA) acids were identified and quantified in the methanol extracts of Inula oculus-christi L., I. bifrons L., I. aschersoniana Janka var. aschersoniana, I. ensifolia L., I. conyza (Griess.) DC. and I. germanica L. by HPLC analysis. The amount of 5-CQA varied from 5.48 to 28.44 mg/g DE and the highest content was detected in I. ensifolia. 1,5-DCQA (4.05-55.25 mg/g DE) was the most abundant dicaffeoyl ester of quinic acid followed by 3,5-DCQA, 4,5-DCQA and 3,4-DCQA. The extract of I. ensifolia showed the highest total phenolic content (119.92 +/- 0.95 mg GAE/g DE) and exhibited the strongest DPPH radical scavenging activity (69.41 +/- 0.55 %). I. bifrons extract was found to be the most active sample against ABTS(.+) (TEAC 0.257 +/- 0.012 mg/mL) and the best tyrosinase inhibitor. The studied extracts demonstrated a low inhibitory effect towards acetylcholinesterase and possessed low cytotoxicity in concentration range from 10 to 300 mu g/mL toward non-cancer (MDCK II) and cancer (A 549) cells.