Chemical composition and antifungal activity of Arnica longifolia, Aster hesperius, and Chrysothamnus nauseosus essential oils

Tabanca N., Demirci B., Crockett S. L., Baser K. H. C., Wedge D. E.

JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY, vol.55, no.21, pp.8430-8435, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 21
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/jf071379c
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.8430-8435
  • Keywords: Arnica longifolia, Aster hesperius, Chrysothamnus nauseosus, hexadecanoic acid, carvacrol, beta-phellandrene, beta-pinene, alpha-bisabolol, Colletotrichum acutatum, Colletotrichum fragariae, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, VOLATILE CONSTITUENTS
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Essential oils from three different Asteraceae obtained by hydrodistillation of aerial parts were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Main compounds obtained from each taxon were found as follows: Arnica longifolia carvacrol 37.3%, alpha-bisabolol 8.2%; Aster hesperius hexadecanoic acid 29.6%, carvacrol 15.2%; and Chrysothamnus nauseosus var. nauseosus ss w-phellandrene 22.8% and ss-pinene 19.8%. Essential oils were also evaluated for their antimalarial and antimicrobial activity against human pathogens, and antifungal activities against plant pathogens. No antimalarial and antimicrobial activities against human pathogens were observed. Direct bioautography demonstrated antifungal activity of the essential oils obtained from three Asteraceae taxa and two pure compounds, carvacrol and P-bisabolol, to the plant pathogens Colletotrichum acutatum, C. fragariae and C. gloeosporioides. Subsequent evaluation of antifungal compounds using a 96-well micro-dilution broth assay indicated that (x-bisabolol showed weak growth inhibition of the plant pathogen Botrytis cinerea after 72 h