R2P and Turkish Foreign Policy: Libya and Syria in Perspective

Şeyşane V., Çelik Ç.

Global Responsibility to Protect, vol.7, no.3-4, pp.376-397, 2015 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 3-4
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1163/1875984x-00704008
  • Journal Name: Global Responsibility to Protect
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.376-397
  • Keywords: Arab revolutions, Libya, Middle Eastern politics, Responsibility to Protect, Syria, Turkish foreign policy
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: No


© 2015 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.This paper analyses the articulation of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) into Turkish foreign policy (tfp) during the Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalklnma Partisi, akp) era. R2P has particularly become significant when the uprisings turned into full-scale civil wars in Libya and Syria. Therefore, this study examines tfp towards Libya and Syria in the framework of R2P. It argues that there is a close correlation between Turkey's support of R2P and recently increasing emphasis on the normative foundations of its foreign policy in general. It also discusses that Ankara has appeared as an active advocate of the norm insofar as it adopted a more ambitious policy agenda, particularly in the context of the Syrian civil war. However, this paper concludes that, due to Turkey's pragmatic approach, R2P has turned into a justification tool in the discourse of tfp makers for their regional aspirations.