JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, vol.30, no.14, pp.2985-2990, 2010 (SCI-Expanded)
In the present work nano-sized powder of beta-SiAlON was produced using a wet milling process. Different milling times and mediums (methyl ethyl keton, ethanol and toluene as solvents, polyethyleneglicol, oleic acid, sodium tripolyphosphate and polyvinylpyrrolidon as dispersants) were performed for the determination of the most efficient milling system. The powders were produced using a conventional process (the ball to powder ratio was 1:1.5, at 300 rpm, for 1.5 h) having a few hundred nanometer particle size, and these were used as standard powders in this study. The nano-sized beta-SiAlON starting powders (<100 nm) were sintered at lower temperatures than that of the conventional powders. The amount of Y2O3 in powders (similar to 130 nm), produced by high energy milling process, was fewer than conventional powders (5 wt.%). The results of the powder size, sintering behavior and mechanical properties of this sample were compared to those of the standard powder and its sintered sample. This sample, produced using the nano-powder, was investigated, and densified at 150 degrees C lower than that of the standard sample. Even though the amount of Y2O3 was decreased, the hardness of the samples was better than that of the standard sample. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.