Work of fracture and fracture surface energy of magnesia-spinel composites

Aksel C., Warren P.

COMPOSITES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.63, no.10, pp.1433-1440, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 63 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0266-3538(03)00085-x
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1433-1440
  • Keywords: fracture, mechanical properties, thermal properties, MgO, MgAl2O4, THERMAL-SHOCK, CERAMICS, BEHAVIOR, MGAL2O4
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: No


This study used a model system of fully dense high purity magnesia, incorporating fine grain spinel prepared by hot-pressing. Work of fracture (gamma(WOF)) and fracture surface energy (gamma(i)) were determined to be a function of spinel particle size and volume fraction. Predictions made from the thermal shock parameter, R"", were tested by measurements made on gamma(WOF)/gamma(i) ratios of magnesia and magnesia-spinel composites. The results obtained from gamma(WOF)/gamma(i) ratios matched the predictions. On the basis of gamma(WOF)/gamma(i) ratios, the optimum spinel content and particle size were determined. Thermal shock data confirmed that higher values of the gamma(WOF)/gamma(i) ratios were considered to be a good indicator for thermal shock resistance. Higher values of gamma(WOF) were associated with the occurrence of more intergranular fracture with increasing spinel additions. Crack propagation was found to be much more difficult in magnesia-spinel composites, than the initiation of cracks. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.