Understanding the Contribution of Abnormal Inferiority Feelings on Insecure Attachment Through Gender and Culture: A Study of University Students Seeking Psychological Support.

Creative Commons License

Akdoğan R., Aydın M., Eken H.

JOURNAL OF INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGY, vol.74, no.1, pp.96-116, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Page Numbers: pp.96-116
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Inferiority feelings, attachment styles, and gender are some of the variables influenced by culture. In this study, relationships between the three variables were examined with regression analysis in 154 university students who were seeking counseling for close relationships problems. The results indicated that abnormal inferiority feelings significantly predicted both attachment anxiety (R2 = .30, p ≤ .01, Cohen’s f 2 = .42) and attachment avoidance (R² = .10; p < .01, Cohen’s f 2 = .12) for all participants. Abnormal inferiority feelings significantly predicted attachment avoidance for males (β = .31; p < .05), and predicted only attachment anxiety for females (β = .36; p < .01). While the discouragement subscale of abnormal inferiority feelings was a significant predictive factor of insecure attachment for both males and females, useless superiority effort was a significant predictive factor only for males. The results are discussed in terms of culture, and recommendations are provided for culturally sensitive therapeutic processes.