Regional development trap in Turkey: Can relatedness find a way out?

Çinar I. T.

PAPERS IN REGIONAL SCIENCE, vol.102, no.4, pp.817-850, 2023 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 102 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/pirs.12739
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Periodicals Index Online, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, EconLit, Geobase, Public Affairs Index
  • Page Numbers: pp.817-850
  • Keywords: growth accelerations, middle-income trap, regional development trap, related variety, Turkey, unrelated variety
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


This study investigates the relationship between related and unrelated variety and regional development traps in 26 NUTS 2 regions across Turkey from 2014 to 2021. We propose two unique measures, DT1 and DT2, for these traps based on deviations from EU and emerging market nations. Our findings suggest a notable negative correlation between related variety and DT1, implying that increasing related variety could potentially mitigate the risk of falling into development traps. Furthermore, DT1 appeared to be more reliable than DT2 in accurately representing the risk of regional development traps, particularly in countries experiencing high growth deviations, like Turkey.