The search for optimal feature set in power quality event classification


EXPERT SYSTEMS WITH APPLICATIONS, vol.36, no.7, pp.10266-10273, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.eswa.2009.01.051
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.10266-10273
  • Keywords: Feature selection, Classification, Power quality event, SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINES, FEATURE-SELECTION, RECOGNITION, ALGORITHMS
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


The significance of detection and classification of power quality (PQ) events that disturbs the voltage and/or current waveforms in the electrical power distribution networks is well known. Consequently, in spite of a large number of research reports in this area, the problem of PQ event classification remains to be an important engineering problem. Several feature construction, pattern recognition, analysis, and classification methods were proposed for this purpose. In spite of the extensive number of such alternatives, a research on the comparison of "how useful these features with respect to each other using specific classifiers" was omitted. In this work, a thorough analysis is carried out regarding the classification strengths of an ensemble of celebrated features. The feature items were selected from well-known tools such as spectral information, wavelet extrema across several decomposition levels, and local statistical variations of the waveform. The tests are repeated for classification of several types of real-life data acquired during line-to-ground arcing faults and voltage sags due to the induction motor starting under different load conditions. In order to avoid specificity in classifier strength determination, eight different approaches are applied, including the computationally costly "exhaustive search" together with the leave-one-out technique. To further avoid specificity of the feature for a given classifier, two classifiers (Bayes and SVM) are tested. As a result of these analyses, the more useful set among a wider set of features for each classifier is obtained. It is observed that classification accuracy improves by eliminating relatively useless feature items for both classifiers. Furthermore, the feature selection results somewhat change according to the classifier used. This observation shows that when a new analysis tool or a feature is developed and claimed to perform "better" than another, one should always indicate the matching classifier for the feature because that feature may prove comparably inefficient with other classifiers. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.