The Role of Religion and Acculturation in the Consumer Ethnocentrism of Turkish Immigrants in Germany

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Sevim N., Eroğlu Hall E., Abu-Rayya H. M.

RELIGIONS, vol.7, no.3, 2016 (AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/rel7030029
  • Journal Name: RELIGIONS
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus
  • Keywords: religiosity, acculturation, consumer ethnocentrism, Turkish immigrants
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Researchers have invested much effort in the understanding of acculturation-relevant factors that influence immigrants' psychological and socio-cultural adaptation. Factors that might have an impact on immigrants' product consumption decisions have comparatively received scarce attention by acculturation and marketing researchers. Immigrants show different product consumption patterns and therefore constitute big consumer groups that can have an impact on both the economy of immigrants' culture of origin and the host society. The present study investigated Turkish immigrants' product consumption ethnocentrism. The sample consisted of 599 youth and adult Turkish in Germany drawn from Cologne, the city with the highest ratio of Turkish people in the country. The study sample represented a very similar demographic make-up of the Turkish people in Cologne. The associations between acculturation strategies, loyalty to religion, and product consumption ethnocentrism were quantitatively analyzed based on a field survey. Research findings indicated that participants in the acculturation mode of separation scored significantly higher for consumer ethnocentrism than those showing other orientations, and those with an assimilation orientation scored the least for consumer ethnocentrism. Among the three religiosity dimensions (behavioral, emotional, cognitive) investigated in the present study, analyses controlling for a range of socio-demographic variables revealed a positive relationship between the behavior dimension of religiosity and consumer ethnocentrism.