Determination of silver release from antibacterial finished cotton and polyester fabrics into water

Ureyen M. E., Aslan C.

JOURNAL OF THE TEXTILE INSTITUTE, vol.108, no.7, pp.1128-1135, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 108 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00405000.2016.1222855
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1128-1135
  • Keywords: Antibacterial fabric, silver, controlled release, calcium phosphate, cotton, PES, NANOPARTICLES, ANTIMICROBIALS, TEXTILES, EXPOSURE, RISK, IONS
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Silver compounds have extensive use among the antimicrobial agents in textiles. Silver particles are released into the water during washing processes in particular and they are released from the textile in time due to use. In this work, silver ion release from cotton and polyester antimicrobial fabrics which are the most widely used textiles have been studied. Two well-known silver-based commercial agents and silver-doped calcium phosphate powder-based antibacterial finishing agent which was developed in our previous work were applied to the fabric samples. The release of silver from the fabric samples during washing and incubation was determined by ICP-OES. The effects of fabric composition, time and laundering process on the silver release were studied. It was found that significant amount of silver was released from textile fabrics during washing due to the mechanical forces exerted on the fabrics. The total released silver varied from 73.43 to 92.27% for cotton fabrics and 76.49 to 89.70% for PES fabrics after 20 washing cycles. Results also showed that calcium phosphate can reduce the amount of silver release significantly. It was also found that even a smaller quantity of nanosilver particles was sufficient for strong antibacterial activity.