Single crystal growth in PMN-PT and PMN-PZT

Richter T., Schuh C., SUVACI E., Moos R.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, vol.44, no.7, pp.1757-1763, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10853-009-3286-1
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1757-1763
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


Single crystal growth of lead-based piezoelectric ceramics Pb(Mg(1/3)Nb(2/3))(0.68)Ti(0.32)O(3) (PMN-32PT) and Pb(Mg(1/3)Nb(2/3))(0.42)(Ti(0.638)Zr(0.362))(0.58)O(3) (PMN-37PT-21PZ) ceramics via templated grain growth (TGG) was investigated. (001)- and (111)-oriented BaTiO(3) (BT) single crystals and (001)-oriented SrTiO(3) (ST) single crystals (of approximately 2.5 x 2.5 x 1 mm) were utilized as seeds for the growth experiments. The piezoelectric single crystals were produced in a process that involves at first hot pressing of single crystal in cold isostatically pressed ceramics followed by subsequent sintering of the samples. Growth of (001)-oriented single crystals with BT seeds was observed in both PMN-32PT and PMN-37PT-21PZ matrices. The measured growth lengths were up to 140 and 65 mu m, respectively. The grown (001)-oriented single crystals grown were rectangular. The measured growth lengths of the pyramidal-shaped (111) BT single crystals were up to 1 mm, which is much larger than the growth lengths of the (001) single crystals. Experiments on (001) ST-seeded single crystals were not successful. No single crystal growth was observed due to the dissolution of the ST single crystals in the PMN-PZT matrix. The differences were explained by defect-chemical considerations.