Continuity and change in cereal grinding technology at Kultepe, Turkey


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Jaworski M., ÜSTÜNDAĞ H., Soltysiak A.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES, vol.9, no.3, pp.447-454, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12520-015-0291-y
  • Journal Name: ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.447-454
  • Keywords: Dental microwear, Cereal grinding, Querns, Middle Bronze Age, Hellenistic-Roman period, Anatolia, DENTAL MICROWEAR, TEETH
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Change in Mediterranean grinding technology during the Hellenistic/Roman period affected the pattern of dental microwear since external grit particles were finer when flour was prepared using large rotary querns. Therefore, it is possible to detect the technological change through the analysis of human dentition. Here, the sample of teeth from Kultepe (ancient Kanesh), Turkey, is investigated to determine if the grinding technology changed at this site between the Middle Bronze Age (n = 12) and Hellenistic/Roman period (n = 4). A Hellenistic/Roman sample from Assos (n = 7) is also included for comparative purposes. The proportions and size of linear and nonlinear features did not differ significantly between periods or sites, which indicates that in spite of technical advances, old grinding technologies were still used in the Hellenistic/Roman period in Anatolia.