The use of dual acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-monoamine oxidase B (MAO- B) inhibitors is a new approach in the treatment of Alzheimer disease (AD). In this work, 14 new benzothiazoles (4a-4n) were designed and synthesized. In biological activity studies, the AChE, butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), MAO-A and MAO-B inhibitory potentials of all compounds were evaluated using the in vitro fluorometric method. Additionally, amyloid beta (A beta)-aggregation inhibitory effects of active compounds were evaluated by means of an in vitro kit-based method. The biological evaluation showed that compounds 4a, 4d, 4f, 4h, 4k and 4m displayed significant activity against AChE and MAO-B enzymes. Compound 4f displayed inhibitory activity against AChE and MAO-B enzyme with IC50 values of 23.4 +/- 1.1 nM and 40.3 +/- 1.7 nM, respectively. It has been revealed that compound 4f may have the potential to inhibit AChE and MAO-B enzymes, as well as the ability to prevent the formation of beta amyloid plaques accumulated in the brains of patients suffering from AD. In silico studies also support the obtained biological activity findings. Compound 4f provided strong interactions with the active site of both enzymes. In particular, the interaction of compound 4f with flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) in the MAO-B enzyme active site is a promising and exciting finding.