Magnesia-spinel microcomposites

Aksel C., Warren P., Riley F.

JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, vol.24, no.10-11, pp.3119-3128, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 10-11
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2003.10.036
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3119-3128
  • Keywords: mechanical properties, MgAl2O4, MgO, microcomposites, thermal shock parameters, THERMAL-SHOCK, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, SURFACE-ENERGY, FRACTURE, COMPOSITES, BEHAVIOR, REFRACTORIES, CERAMICS, MGAL2O4, BRICK
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: No


This study used a model system of fully dense high purity MgO, incorporating micron size spinel prepared by hot-pressing. Spinel powder was obtained from two sources: (i) 0.5 mum alumina powder was incorporated into MgO by in situ reaction, and (ii) pre-formed 3 mum spinel powder. The thermal expansion mismatch between MgO and spinel particles led to the intergranular and intragranular crack development, with consequent loss of strength and Young's modulus. The extent of interlinking of the microcracking was determined to be a function of spinel particle size and volume fraction; the reasons for this were examined. The mechanical properties and R"" parameter values of the microcomposites were reported. The thermal shock resistance of in situ formed 20% 0.5 mum and preformed 30% 3 mum spinel composites, in terms of the R"" parameter, was predicted to be 4 to similar to5 times better than that of pure MgO, respectively. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.