MATERIALS & DESIGN, vol.42, pp.495-504, 2012 (SCI-Expanded)
Ni-W solid solution alloy powders and sintered compacts were fabricated via mechanically alloying and pressureless sintering of powder batches with the compositions of Ni-xW (x = 20, 30, 40 wt.%). The crystallite size of the powders were between 11 nm and 17 nm, which decreased with increasing W contents, where a microhardness value of 6.88 GPa for the Ni powders MM'd for 48 h increased to 9.37 GPa for the Ni40W powders MA'd for 48 h. The MM'd/MA'd powders were sintered at 1300 degrees C for 1 h under Ar and H-2 gas flowing conditions. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of the sintered Ni, Ni20W and Ni30W samples revealed the presence of only the solid solution phase, whereas the presence of elemental W and Ni4W intermetallic phase were observed in the XRD patterns of the sintered Ni40W sample. Among all sintered samples, the sintered Ni sample had the highest relative density value of 96.36% and the lowest microhardness value of 1.59 GPa. The relative densities of the sintered samples decreased with increasing W amounts, contrary to microhardness values which increased with W contents. Moreover, microstructural characterizations via scanning electron microscope and electron backscatter diffraction, room temperature compression tests and sliding wear experiments were conducted in order to reveal the effects of W contents on the properties of the sintered Ni-W alloys. (c) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.