3rd International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation (ICERI), Madrid, Spain, 15 - 17 November 2010, pp.5055-5058
Globalization one of the phenomena whose effects have been felt most is a process which continues to affect social, political, economical and cultural areas deeply. These effects cause many changes in issues from social structure to the individual life styles. One of the areas in which these changes appear is the education. The facts that information technologies have developed and started to be used in global level and the interdisciplinary approaches have spread are shaping the education today; because these processes affect the thinking and production processes. As a result of this, while the type of individual who is targeted to be educated is changing, the educators and educational institutions who educate these individuals should be renewed and restructures as well. These changes should be more rapidly and compulsory for the art education primarily; because, art expanding its limits depending on the globalization. The elements like the use of new technologies in mass communication fields, the occurring of novel interaction environments that extend the international borders, knowing new cultures and intercultural interaction have caused important cultural changes and these changes inevitably have shaped the art and art education. In this process, the concepts of post-modernism, multiculturalism, interdisciplinarity and visual literacy have come into prominence. Art approaches that are not limited to traditional materials and prefer the multi styles according to the global effects have been globalizing the art concept. While the art concept is changing and renewing, it also forces the art education to restructure. As a result, a need for planning art education programs that do not ignore the global factors and technological developments in art education arises. In this study, it was attempted to analyze the positive and negative effects of globalization on the art education based on related studies and literature review. As a result of this, it was aimed at answering questions like what the elements that determines the individual that globalization makes compulsory in art education are, what the roles of educators and educational institutions in the education of this individual are and what the educational settings should include.