A Comparative Characterization of the HPA-MCM-48 Type Catalysts Produced by the Direct Hydrothermal and Room Temperature Synthesis Methods

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Gucbilmez Y., Yargic A. S., Calis I.

JOURNAL OF NANOMATERIALS, vol.2012, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2012
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1155/2012/210437
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


MCM-48 type support materials synthesized by the direct hydrothermal synthesis (HTS) and room temperature synthesis (RTS) methods were incorporated with tungstophosphoric acid (TPA) in the range of 10-40 wt% by using a wet impregnation technique in methanol solutions. Resulting HPA-MCM-48 catalysts were characterized by the XRD, Nitrogen Physisorption, SEM, TEM, EDS, and FT-IR methods in order to determine the effects of different initial synthesis conditions on the catalyst properties. RTS samples were found to have better crystalline structures, higher BET surface areas, and higher BJH pore volumes than HTS samples. They also had slightly higher TPA incorporation, except for the 40 wt% samples, as evidenced by the EDS results. Keggin ion structure was preserved, for both methods, even at the highest acid loading of 40wt%. It was concluded that the simpler and more economical RTS method was more successful than the HTS method for heteropoly acid incorporation into MCM-48 type materials.