62nd International Congress of the World-Phenomenology-Institute on Forces of the Cosmos and the Ontopoietic Genesis of Life, Paris, France, 8 - 10 August 2012, vol.116, pp.245-258
The main aim of the educational system is to help individuals improve their own learning to deal with searching suitable ways of improving learning within the educational context. Learning is one of the most important issues in development of individualistic and societal bases. The current education system is based on a positivist paradigm which states that objective knowledge is the best knowledge of our lifeworld and it must be transmitted to younger generations. It is known that the objectivist ideas introduce only the scientific methods of searching for and reaching meaning about a phenomenon. The current educational system also mainly focuses on cognitive development of individuals as if it is the only characteristic of them. These are creating some barriers to free search for and creation of authentic knowledge. In the current education system, there are lots of limitations such as taking attention only to social constructivism and social learning, cognitive development, learning outcomes that rely on an exam-based performance evaluation system for students. However, besides cognitive development, individuals need to develop as a whole, that is as a social being, a creative being, an emotional being, a physical being and an authentic being.