Novel imidazole derivatives as antifungal agents: Synthesis, biological evaluation, ADME prediction and molecular docking studies

Altindag F. D., SAĞLIK B. N., ACAR ÇEVİK U., IŞIKDAĞ İ., ÖZKAY Y., Gencer H. K.

PHOSPHORUS SULFUR AND SILICON AND THE RELATED ELEMENTS, vol.194, no.9, pp.887-894, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 194 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10426507.2019.1565761
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Index Chemicus (IC)
  • Page Numbers: pp.887-894
  • Keywords: Imidazole, dithiocarbamate, antifungal activity, molecular docking, AZOLE DERIVATIVES, DESIGN, DISCOVERY, COMBINATION, SOLUBILITY, INHIBITORS, ANALOGS
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


A series of 2-(substituteddithiocarbamoyl)-N-[4-((1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl)phenyl]acetamide derivatives was designed and synthesized to combat the increasing incidence of drug-resistant fungal infections. All synthesized compounds were characterized by IR, H-1-NMR, C-13-NMR, and HRMS spectra and elemental analyses. Antifungal activity tests were performed against four different fungal strains. Molecular docking studies were performed to investigate the mode of action towards the fungal lanosterol 14 alpha-demethylase, a cytochrome P450-dependent enzyme. ADME studies were carried out and a connection between activities and physicochemical properties of the target compounds was determined. Most of the final compounds exhibited significant activity against Candida albicans and Candida krusei with MIC50 value 12.5 mu g/mL. The results of in vitro anti-Candida activity, a docking study and ADME prediction revealed that the newly synthesized compounds have potential anti-Candida activity and evidenced the most active derivative, 5b (2-Pyrrolidinthiocarbonylthio-N-[4-((1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl)phenyl]acetamide), which can be further optimized as a lead compound.