An evaluation of railway passenger transport in Turkey using life cycle assessment and life cycle cost methods

BANAR M., Ozdemir A.

TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART D-TRANSPORT AND ENVIRONMENT, vol.41, pp.88-105, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.trd.2015.09.017
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.88-105
  • Keywords: Conventional Railway (CR), High Speed Railway (HSR), Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Life Cycle Cost (LCC), Turkey, HIGH-SPEED RAIL
  • Anadolu University Affiliated: Yes


In recent years, Turkey's railway transport system has shown considerable improvement. Today, our country has 12,000 km total rail network; the High Speed Railway (HSR) accounts for 888 km, with the remainder being Conventional Railway (CR). This study aims to assess the railway passenger transportation system in Turkey, an integrated system of HSR/CR, from an environmental and economic point of view, via Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Life Cycle Cost (LCC) methodologies. The LCA analysis was realized using SimaPro 7.3.3 software and the CML2 baseline 2000 method for selected impact categories (abiotic depletion, acidification, eutrophication, global warming, human toxicity and fresh water aquatic ecotoxicity). The LCC analysis was performed by developing a cost model for internal (energy, materials, transport) and external (pollutant, accident, noise) cost categories with this software.